Tobacco use is the single most important preventable risk to human health in developed countries and an important cause of premature death worldwide; as described by the "Center for Disease Control and Prevention" in the United States.
The World health Organization (WHO) estimated in 2002 that in developed countries, 26% of male deaths and 9% of female deaths were attributed to smoking, which caused major health effects including risk in lung cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Regular smokers are estimated to live 2.5 to 10 years less than nonsmokers with about one-half of male smokers dying of illness due to smoking.
Related illnesses kill approximately 438,000 USA citizens per year, about 1,205 per day, making it the leading cause of preventable death in the U.S.
The main health risks in tobacco pertain to diseases of the cardiovascular system such as myocardial infarction (heart attack), diseases of the respiratory tract such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema, and cancer of the lungs, larynx, and mouth.
Prior to World War 1, lung cancer was considered to be a rare disease, which most physicians would never see during their career. With the postwar rise in popularity of cigarette smoking came a virtual epidemic of lung cancer.
Currently, among people who have ever smoked, almost one in ten will develop lung cancer and one in six men who continue to smoke will develop lung cancer. This compares to only one case of lung cancer in 75 lifelong non-smokers.
There is some good news though! A person's increased risk of contracting disease is directly proportional to the length of time that a person continues to smoke as well as the amount smoked. However, if someone stops smoking, then these chances gradually decrease as the damage to their body is repaired.
Nicotine is an addictive substance, especially when taken in by inhaling tobacco smoke, making smoking cessation difficult at times for many people.
Research in western countries has found that approximately 3-5% of quit attempts succeed using willpower alone and clinical trials have shown that Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) can double this rate to approximately 6-10%.
Alhough multi-session psychological support from a trained counselor, either individually or in groups has been shown in clinical trials to have a similar effect to that of NRT the best chances of success seem to be obtained by combining medication and psychological support.
Some additional cessation statistics are as follows:
While some smokers are successful with their first attempt, many people fail several times, even in the face of serious smoking-related disease in themselves or close family members or friends.
Some conventional techniques which can increase tobacco user's chances of successfully quitting are:
Some alternative techniques for quitting are:
Tobacco cessation will almost always lead to a longer and healthier life. Stopping in early adulthood can add up to 10 years of healthy life and stopping in one's 60s can still add 3 years of healthy life.
Don't forget to bookmark us--Ctrl Key+D